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Rainforest InformationMontes de Oro

19 September, 2017by Billy Johnson

Montes de Oro

The territory that currently corresponds to the canton of Montes de Oro was inhabited by indigenous people from the so-called Chorotega group.

Formerly the city of Miramar was called Los Quemados. There is the version that is due to the coloration of the mountains, which gives the impression that they have been burned; another explanation is that previously there was the custom, on the part of the hunters, to set fire to the hills every year.

The origin of the name Miramar is due to Don Francisco de Paula Amador, in a visit he made to the place, proposed this name, given that the sea, specifically the Gulf of Nicoya, is very well appreciated. Thus, by executive agreement No 18 of April 23, 1897, at the request of the neighbors, the name of Los Quemados was changed to Montes de Oro for the district and Miramar for the main population.

Horseback riding Jaco beach
Horseback riding Jaco beach

Horseback riding Jaco beach

The province of Puntarenas currently has 11 cantons and 43 districts.


  •   Puntarenas: Puntarenas
  •   Esparza: Esparza
  •   Buenos Aires: Buenos Aires
  •   Montes de Oro: Miramar
  •   Osa: Puerto Cortés
  •   Quepos: Quepos
  •   Golfito: Golfito
  •   Coto Brus: San Vito
  •   Parrita: Parrita
  •   Corredores: Ciudad Neilly
  •   Garabito: Jacó


Much of the development of the region was based on gold mining in the middle and lower parts of the canton thanks to the gold richness of the region’s mountains (hence the name of the Montes de Oro canton). While this happened, the high zone of the canton remained protected and the settlements that settled were mainly peasants or creoles.

The cultural inheritance of gold mining was later mixed with agricultural activity (mainly potato, cane, garlic, beans, tobacco) to forge the pattern of human settlements and customs that endure to the present and portray a rurality authentic and alive.

The joviality, openness and the desire to share of the inhabitants are distinctive features of that rurality, which is strengthened and blended with traditional forms of production: agriculture, livestock, sugar cane and coffee. With few exceptions, attractive and basic forms of tourism products still appear as a form that complements a core business within a productive farm.

The Costa Rican gastronomy stands out as a differentiating element (married, stuffed loins, cheeses, seasoned tortillas); although it is kept simple and reserved for the family environment, the primary needs and the service provided to the agroturismo visitors who require it during their stay. There are also high-end gastronomic establishments in Miramar near the road inter-American

Architectural historical factors and religious beliefs such as Cedral Church, San Rafael and Miramar. In addition, folk artistic attractions like the marimbas and trapiches and the popular celebrations, crafts or religious values
which stand out in scheduled events such as pilgrimage al Sanctuary of Palmital, the Virgin of Carmen, San Isidro.

Billy Johnson

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Montes de Oro

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